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Land Sector

Land sector programmes often present special challenges; integrating policy, legal, administrative, institutional, environmental, technical, social and economic change. We have strong experience in delivering modern land sector reform programmes, including tenure reform and regularisation, cadastre development, land record rehabilitation and management, land information systems (LIS), land use planning and public outreach and public information campaigns. We ensure that processes are community-driven in conjunction with effective capacity-building at the institutional level. Building on success in countries as diverse as Rwanda, Guyana, Mongolia and Hungary, we continue to provide cutting-edge services in all of these fields.

Secure access to land is a major factor in economic and social development in many countries for three reasons:

  1. secure property rights are key to economic growth;
  2. equitable access to land is the basis for pro-poor and socially inclusive economic growth; and
  3. competition for land often inflames tensions between different groups, resulting in conflict. 

In the context of climate change and rising population, with greater pressure on scarce resources, secure and equitable access to land is becoming increasingly important.  As a result, the international development community is escalating its support for land-related programmes around the world. 

Land administration and planning is a public service.  Sustainable land administration requires a careful balance between meeting people’s needs and affordability, in order to gain and sustain the support of land users.  Despite strong demand (from government, commercial organisations and individual land holders) many land management institutions have fallen into disuse owing to lack of investment. Land institutions have also found it increasingly difficult to adapt in order to maintain services in line with the pace of change in the sector.


In recent years HTSPE has developed a highly successful integrated interdisciplinary approach to the problems of the land sector.  Our vision is to promote secure and equitable access to land in the context of different tenure systems, maintaining rights through building efficient and sustainable land administration systems.  We believe that an integrated approach, incorporating all the key elements of the land sector under a single programme management framework, is the best approach since many elements are linked and are interdependent.  Key elements of our approach include:

  • locally tailored interventions which build on local practices and experience;
  • pilot testing of innovative practices which then allow for larger ‘roll-out’ programmes;
  • an understanding that land and property rights are highly political – we therefore work closely with a full range of stakeholders including government and civil society;
  • an understanding of the importance of gender and access by the poor in land tenure programmes; and
  • balancing the need for strong management with sensitivity to the needs of the client. 

HTSPE has a considerable track record in land issues in general and land administration in particular, often solving highly complex and sometimes seemingly intractable problems in sensitive political climates.  The scope of our work has included programme design, developing pilot programmes, programme implementation and programme evaluation.  We have a broad depth of experience in a broad range of areas, including:

  • land tenure reform and regularisation;
  • land administration systems;
  • land policy and legislation;
  • institutional development and capacity building;
  • technical survey and mapping;
  • land use planning;
  • land information systems;
  • public outreach and media development; and
  • managerial aspects (human resources planning, financial planning). 

Rwanda: Land Tenure Reform

HTSPE provided 3.5 years of policy, legislative, institutional, technical and field support to the Rwandan Ministry of Lands, Environment, Forestry, Water and Mines (renamed as the Ministry of Natural Resources – MINIRENA) to develop clear practical strategies for implementing new land laws through a process of institutional capacity building for decentralised land administration.

A key objective of this US$5.5m DFID-funded capacity building programme was to enable MINIRENA to further develop policy and lead the land reform process to secure the land rights of all citizens, supporting national economic development and promoting environmental sustainability. The programme included: legal drafting, procedural development, field trials of land tenure regularisation, institutional strengthening, training and needs assessment, public information and media campaigns, remote sensing procurement, database development, land registration and titling.

Support to the LTR Programme in Rwanda - Interesting Facts

See more details in the links below.

Guyana: Land Administration Support Programme (GLASP)

HTSPE managed this DFID-funded programme, assisting the Government of Guyana, during eight years of full-time commitment. The first phase included policy and legal support and planning for the institutional change process within the Lands and Surveys Department, originally under the Ministry of Agriculture, to a semi-autonomous Lands and Surveys Commission (later to become the Guyana Lands and Surveys Commission (GLSC).

The second, full implementation phase, supported institutional capacity building, including: HR planning and management; financial control; strategic planning; land administration procedural development; records rehabilitation; a field programme of land tenure regularisation; capacity building in eight regional offices; technical support in cadastral mapping and survey; monitoring and evaluation and community mapping and consultation on use and management of communal Amerindian lands.

The UK Management Consultants’ Association recognised this highly successful programme with their ‘Achievement in Change Management’ award.

Mongolia: Capacity Building for Cadastral Survey and Land Registration

This five-year project, funded by the Asian Development Bank, created an improved institutional environment for issuance and administration of property and land lease certificates and a more efficient collection of land fee payments and property taxes. This enabled urban and agricultural development and the operation of a private property market, through the creation of a cadastral database and a National Land Information System.

As principal partner to HTSPE, the Agency for Land Affairs Geodesy and Cartography was responsible for implementation of the Mongolian Land Law, the Geodetic and Cartographic Law, the Real Estate Registration Law and other relevant regulations in support of Government land policy. HTSPE’s technical support was much appreciated by the Agency and led to a series of contract renewals.

See more details in the links below.

Mozambique: Consultancy and Technical Assistance to the MCA (Mozambique) Land Component

This four-year programme, based in four provinces, aims to improve the efficiency of the land rights management and registration system in Mozambique. The Millennium Challenge Account Compact comprises three main pillars of support:

  • Policy Review and Monitoring - support for the National Process including development of a long-term strategy for land administration, public awareness-building and strengthening of civil society institutions.
  • Capacity Building - in land administration institutions, including development of educational capacity at a national level; training activities for cadastral personnel; support to the Department of Natural Resources at provincial, district and municipality level; and development of a Land Information System.
  • Facilitation of Access to Land - including mass regularisation and titling activities in urban, peri-urban and rural areas; compilation of land use inventories; creation of spatial framework data for cadastral purposes; and support to community groups in the registration of acquired land rights.

See more details in the links below.

To view more detail or additional projects please click on the links below:

Rwanda: Land Tenure Reform
Capacity Building for Cadastral Survey and Land Registration
Consultancy and Technical Assistance to the MCA (Mozambique) Land Component
Framework Contract Lot 1 – Rural Development
Livelihoods Resource Centre Framework Contract
Support for Land Tenure Regularisation
Technical Assistance for Development of Land Use Planning
Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP)


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HTSPE Limited
Thamesfield House
Boundary Way
Hemel Hempstead
Hertfordshire HP2 7SR
United Kingdom

T: +44 (0)1442 202 400
F: +44 (0)1442 266 438
E: info@htspe.com